India is known for its burgeoning population worldwide, but is also a country that has its own beauty. It is a country that has varieties and extremes in all essence. It is yet to become fully developed; at least, certain rural areas are still to attain a good standard of living, with a wide disparity between the haves and have-nots, especially in terms of material wealth. However, for individuals who are interested in history and culture, India is a place of bliss….a place of delight.
India as a country is composed of 29 pulsating states and 6 union territories, each having its own distinctive characteristics with exclusive history, cultural variations, and different styles of architecture and art forms. Indian states that are an attraction among tourists, are – Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Bihar, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir.
Tourist Attractions in India
There are some finest heritage sites ever produced in Indian, most of them being created several thousands of years ago, each being a must-be-visited place by all (if possible), to understand the magnificent pomp and splendor that ancient India has to offer. In truth, quite a few people do not really know for fact that such beautifully breathtaking places do exist in India, and are just missing out on good things that life has to offer. Let us take a look at few of these –
Taj Mahal and Qutub Minar –
For decades, several famous authors, scholars, and poets have been inspired by this monumental heritage of India called the Taj Mahal. It is not called ‘heaven on earth’ for nothing, for its charming appearance and rich, lush scenic beauty will awaken one’s five senses in wonder. This place is surrounded by an enigma, is a mystifying spot in the city of Agra, bewildering enough to attract millions of tourists from all over the world, both rich and the poor. The entire monument is built in marble with precious and semi-precious stones set into its surface in a decorative pattern. Such a brilliant piece of architecture, built in the name of love, is something not to be missed by those visiting or living in India.
in Delhi is one of the famous and tallest towers created in the world, made from red and buff colored sandstone. While some believe that this was built as a slender tower of a mosque from where the summons to prayer was cried, some others believe that this was constructed as a ‘tower of victory’, to signify the commencement of Muslim rule. For whatever reasons it may be erected for, it truly is a magnificent creation ever made until date.
The artistically built rock-cut caves, popularly known as the Ajanta-Ellora caves, are considered to be the source of pride for Maharashtra. Both the Ellora and Ajanta caves, with Ajanta caves numbering close to 30, and Ellora numbering close to 34 caves, were specially carved out for the Buddhist monks, with each cave forming a room where the monks lived and were educated. From what is perceived by the detailed carvings present on their walls, it is understood that the Ajanta caves came first, followed by the Ellora, both being discovered in the 19th century by a group of British officers.
Closer to the Khajuraho village, about a thousand years ago, under the rule of a famous Rajput King, there were 85 temples strikingly carved, with the engraved sculptures created on the temple walls having an erotic theme. It is believed that the then ‘brahmacharis’ or young lads, leading the life of a hermit until adulthood was attained, could understand the ways of life and be prepared for it only by studying these works of art. Over time, however, most of these temples have been destroyed by various natural disasters that have ravished the earth, and now only 22 of them remain to take pleasure on.
Another sacred destination of interest in India, is the golden temple situated in Amritsar, Punjab, especially for those following Sikhism. The inverted lotus-shaped dome that this temple has is enveloped in 100 kg’s of gold, in addition to a lot of marble work, with some restoration work done over the years.
Now, there are bullet ridden marks on certain parts of the temple walls, which will continue to be preserved. This is something that came about from a firefight between Sikh militants who were taking refuge in the temple and the armed forces of the country. It was a combat that happened during the prime minister, Indira Gandhi’s rule, who was later killed by a sudden attack from her own Sikh bodyguards, because of the deep-seated resentment they had against her action of treating this holy place of theirs disrespectfully. This is one incident that will be remembered for long, thereby increasing the popularity of this particular tourist destination in India.
One more famous holy city of India, called Varanasi, which is situated in Uttar Pradesh, is perceived by religious people as a place where one can meet death with utmost bliss. In fact, many people, ailing and elderly were brought to this city during their final days to quietly wait for death. People then believed that by attaining death while in Varanasi and immersing their burnt ashes in the water of Ganges, would relieve them from this onerous cycle of life and death.
Now, people visit Varanasi not to see or meet death, but to see the spectacular festivities and religious practices that take place in temples surrounding this holy place, to take a dip in the bathing ghats that the place is scattered with, or to go on a morning boat ride across the Ganges, which is the most popular tourist attraction at the present time.
This ruined city, which was once the capital of the Vijayanagar Empire, is an architectural marvel that is spread over a very large area. This architectural spectacle is located in northern Karnataka, which has a temple containing the idols of Lord Shiva, Goddess Pampa, Goddess Bhuvaneswari; an idol of Lord Ganesha of great size, and a stone chariot with real revolving wheels within the premises of this ruined historical site; but what is considered extraordinary, are the 56 pillars of the temple which have the pleasing qualities of music when tapped sharply.
These are a chain of shallow channels of water communicating with the Arabian Sea, both natural and manmade, which seemed to have attracted a lot of tourists over the years. This is probably from the fact that the traditional boats, which earlier were created to transport harvested crops, are being converted into houseboats and cottages that could be hired, to enjoy a nice ride on the backwaters and soak in the scenic beauty that this state has to offer, as well as to get to discover various small towns that lay dispersed around the various creeks.
Getting to visit new places, journeying from one destination to another, is an experience that will be retained in one’s memory forever. So get out and get going!