Jammu and Kashmir referred to as the heaven on the earth is incredibly beautiful and spellbinding. The state is known for its valleys, lakes and a diverse terrain which is found all at a place in this state. Read on to know more about this incredible state.
JAMMU & KASHMIR
Jammu and Kashmir is set against the snow capped mountains of Pir Panjal. Jammu is the second largest city of Jammu and Kashmir. The city is named after the King Jambu Lochan who it is often said established Jammu in 9th Century BC. While the lower areas of Jammu is covered with forests of oak and chestnut the higher altitudes of the city is covered with pine and deodar. Jammu has a diverse range of ethnic communities owing to which one can spot temples and other religious places in the entire region. Jammu has lots of temple out of which Raghunath Mandir is the largest temple complex in whole of northern India. Vaishno Devi is yet another popular shrine situated close by Jammu. Kashmir is equally abundantly supplied with natural beauty and charm. Geographically Kashmir is covered with beautiful lakes and valleys that impart air of serenity and tranquility to the city. Myths often associate the legend of Kashyap to Kashmir. It is said that the great sage Kashyap drained a lake which became the abode of the Brahmins after which the place came to be known as Kashmir.
Jammu is located between the Himalayan range in the north and the plains of Punjab in the South. Kashmir is located in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent.
How to reach
By Road: Jammu and Kashmir is well-connected to major cities in India by a motorable road.
By Rail: Nearest railway head is Jammu Tawi.
By Air: The three major airports in Jammu and Kashmir include Srinagar, Leh and Jammu.
Where to stay
Al Hamra Retreat of Jammu and Kashmir is a recommended place to stay.
Season/ When to visit
Ideal time to visit Jammu and Kashmir is between the months of March to October as the months covers over three seasons namely spring, summer and autumn.
Nearby Places to visit
- Dal Lake: It is the second largest lake in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Dal Lake is surrounded by mountains on three sides and beautified by blooming gardens and orchard on the bank. The lake is divided into four parts by causeways namely Gagribal, Lokut Dal, Nagi and Bod Dal. Main feature of the lake includes the five basins and several channels that are all well-connected with each other. The lake is 6 km long and 3 km wide. The lake houses plenty of Mughal monuments along with the campus of University of Kashmir. The lake also has two hillocks which has the shrines of Shankrachrya and Hari Parbat temple. With its boats and shikaras Dal lake is a must see place.
- Shalimar Garden: The garden was constructed by Emperor Jahangir for his wife Nur Jahan in 1616. Later a second garden was added namely Faiz Baksh by Shah Jahan between 1628 and 1658. Shalimar garden is also known as the garden of love. The garden is spread to an area of approximately 53 m by 182 m. Shalimar garden has four terraces and a canal which is lined with polished stones. The canal runs through the centre of the garden which is used to supply water to the garden.
- Hazratbal Mosque: It is located at a distance of 25km from Bagdam district. Hazratbal Mosque is situated on the western banks of Dal Lake facing Nishat Bagh. Hazratbal mosque is made up of marble which is the only domed mosque located in Srinagar. The mosque signifies the love and respect of Muslims for Prophet Mohammad. It is the most revered mosque among Muslims. Hazratbal mosque dates back to seventeenth century. The mosque also has a pleasure house known by the name Ishrat Mahal and a garden which was constructed by Sadiq Khan. The mosque also has preserved sacred hair of Prophet Mohammad.