Koyikkal Palace Thiruvananthapuram
Koyikkal Palace is situated 18 kms from Thiruvananthapuram city. The Palace was built for the Umayamma Rani of the Venad Royal family kingdom who controlled the region between 1677 and 1684. The palace is built in the traditional Kerala style Nalukettu architecture. It is a two-storied building and houses an inner courtyard. The palace was converted into Folklore and Numismatic Museum by the State Government of Kerala in the early nineties.
The Folklore Museum of the Koyikkal Palace was inaugurated in 1992 with artifacts depicting the tradition and cultural heritage from all parts of Kerala. It houses models of native folk arts like life-size models of Theyyam and Thullal, ancient communication equipments, occupational equipments such as plough, axe, wooden water pusher, tribal weapons such as sword, spear, bows and arrows, traditional household utensils like wooden kitchenware, copper and brass kitchenware, traditional mode of conveyance like bullock-cart and much more. One of the major attractions here is the anklet worn by Umayamma Rani called ‘Chilambu’ and the dress material made from the bark of trees known as Maravuri.
The Folklore Museum also houses rare antique musical instruments, like ‘Chandravalayam’, a small percussion instrument used while singing for the ballad of ‘Ramakathappattu’ (the story of Lord Rama)’, ‘Nanthuni’, a wooden stringed musical instrument that is used while singing songs like the ‘Onappattu’ and ‘Nanthunippattu’.
The Numismatics Museum showcases ancient coins from Kerala and from all around the world including those of the Sangam era, which are of huge historical significance. The coins reflect the trade relation of the state of Kerala with other parts of the world. The most important coin of all is a Venetian coin called Amaida, believed to have been actually gifted to Jesus Christ. Some of the oldest coins of Kerala which are as old as 2500 yrs are the coins known as Ottaputhen, Erattaputhen, Kaliyugarayan Panam, Rasi (world’s smallest coin), Srikrishna Rasi (10th century), Anantharayan Panam (gold coin issued between 15th and 17th century by the kingdom of Travancore), Kochi Puthen, Lakshmi Varaham (Silver coins of Travancore), coins issued by the Gwalior Kingdom, Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan and Nizam of Hyderabad. The museum also houses Roman gold coins depicting Roman Gods and Goddesses like Hercules, Mars, Venus, Genius, Ceres, etc.
The average maximum temperature will be around 34°C and the average minimum temperature will be around 21°C. Rainy season starts in June and continues till September which is followed by the receding monsoon rains. Ideally it is better to visit Koyikkal Palace during the months between September to May.
How to Reach
Koyikkal Palace is located at Nedumangad, about 18 km from Thiruvananthapuram City en route Ponmudi hill station by road. The Nearest Airport is the Thiruvananthapuram International which is well linked by air with all major cities of the Gulf countries, Singapore, Maldives and Sri Lanka. The nearest railway station is the Thiruvananthapuram Central Railway Station well connected by local buses, Taxis etc to Koyikkal Palace.
Other Places of Interest
Other places that can be of interest on a visit to Koyikkal Palace are Kovalam Beach and resorts, Sanghumukham Beach, Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary and Neyyar Dam, Napier museum and Zoo, Ponmudi, Poovar, Varkala Cliffs Agasthyarkoodam Peak, Kuthira Malika palace, Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple and much more. In the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu you can visit places like Kanyakumari, Thiruvattar, Padmanabhapuram Palace and Tirpparappu waterfalls.