Malappuram is a district in the central part of Kerala. It is the land of the birth of Malayalam literature and considered the headquarters of Ayurveda. This predominant Muslim region is known for its beautifully landscaped hilly terrain. It is one of the most important places that stood witness to history. The Kadalundi Puzha runs through Malappuram adding splendour to the flourishing surrounds. It is bordered by the Nilgiri Hills on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. The districts of Kozhikode and Wayanad bound it in the North and in the South it is bounded by the districts of Thrissur and Palakkad. Malappuram is famous for its Hills, Beaches, Backwaters, pilgrimage centres and much more. The Malappuram town which is the headquarters of the Malappuram district is considered one of the cleanest cities in Kerala.
Malappuram was ruled by the Cheras and then by the Samoodiris or the Zamorins of Calicut for quite a while after they captured it from the hold of Valluvanad. It served as the military headquarters of the Samoodiris due to its strategic location. The Fort Gate Maidan at Kottappady once served as the training hub for the soldiers of the Samoodiris. It later fell into the hands of the European conquerors. Tipu sultan had a brief stint there and even had built a Fort. The Britishers later occupied it and had positioned their forces there. In India’s fight towards independence from the British, Malappuram had a major role in the Khilafat movement and Mapilla rebellion. The port of Ponnai once served as a major trade hub especially with the Romans.
- Kottakunnu was a military base of the Samoodiris on the foothills of the Cantonment Hill. Remnants of the Fort can be seen even today at Kottakunnu.
- Padinharekara beach is a major tourist attraction here. Situated on the coast of the Arabian Sea, it is where the Tirur Puzha and the Bharathapuzha flow into the Arabian Sea.
- The Biyyam Kayal at Ponnani is place for water sports.
- Bhagavathi temple at Kadampuzha set up by His holiness Jagadguru Sankaracharya himself.
- Thiruppuranthaka Temple and Mannoor Shiva Temple.
- Thirumandhamkunnu and Tali are two famous temples at Angadipuram on the Kozhikode-Chennai road.
- Mumburam is a shrine and houses the dead bodies of the Thangal family of the Malappuram Muslims.
- The Pazhayangadi Mosque at Kondotti in Malappuram is a major Muslim pilgrimage centre. The three-day event of Velia Nercha is celebrated here with pompous and fervour in the month of February-March every year.
Malappuram is hot and humid. It is ideal to visit between the months of September to March. The rain gods are at their fury when the monsoon starts in June.
How to Reach
The Karipur International Airport at Kozhikode is 26 kms away from Malappuram city. By rail, the Angadipuram Railway Station is 17 kms from Malappuram city. Other railway stations serving the district are Parappanangadi Railway Station, Tirur Railway Station and Kuttipuram Railway Station. Malappuram is well connected by road with major neighbouring cities. By road it is at a distance of 50 kms from Kozhikode, 89 kms from Palakkad and 92 kms from Thrissur.
Other Places of Interest
- The Aryavidyasala at Kottakkal, which is 13 kms from Malappuram city, is a renowned healthcare institution following the traditional Indian medicinal system of Ayurveda.
- Manjeri is a town of history with many nationalist movements happening here.
- Pattarkulam is place with a 2000 year old stone known as Kudakkallu (Umbrella stone).