Panchkula is a city located in Panchkula district of Haryna , north India. Part of Chandigarh capital region, the city also shares its border with Mohali district in Punjab. Known as a satellite city, the city of Panchkula is one of the three cities collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity , two other cities being Mohali and Chandigarh. The city hosts the prestigious Mansa Devi temple and is also known for its primitive existence dating back to Paleolithic era.
The name Panchkula has originated from the five irrigation canals ( panch meaning five and kuls meaning canals Sanskrit ) that collect water from the Ghaggar river in the uphill and distribute it to Mansa Devi. The name originated from the place where five irrigation canals meet. Built by a ruler from the ancient times, the canals are good example of skilled engineering acumen existed during that time.
Though it came to existence in 20th century, the territory has been recorded to have existed since the Paleolithic era. Evidences of early inhabitants using stone made tools that were extensively used in that era like cleavers, choppers and hand-axes have been found to solidify the city’s antiquity. The district is also related to Pancha Pandava who resided here for some time during their exile in the Himalayas. Some historical evidences associate the area to Kushan and Yaudhey rulers. Findings of Kushan bricks from the present location of Ambala district support these evidences made by historians. Some of them also relate the region being part of Gupta dynasty as discovery of silver coins have been found to support the fact.
The area was under the Chauhans of Delhi during 12th century AD. In the second Battle of Tarain in 1192 AD, the region was finally passed onto Muslim ruler Shihab-ud-din Ghuri and later to his successor Qutb-ud-din Aibak. The area was taken over by the Mughals and later Marathas ruled the districts of Panchkula.
The famous Mansa Devi temple was built by Maharaja Gopal Singh in 1815 AD. Thirty eight panels of wall paintings ornate the temple walls along with the floral designs painted all over its ceiling. The drawings are known for its variety of themes rather than high standard of craftsmanship. With its sedate charm and religious bent, the temple is one of the popular pilgrimages in north India and is flocked by numerous devotees during Navaratra.
How to Reach
Chandigarh is the main airport close to Panchkula. Flights are operated by Indian Airlines and other private airlines to and from Chandigarh daily. Chandigarh is the ideal place to start off the journey to Panchkula. The city is also an important railway junction to travel to Panchkula. The city is also well connected via road that can be easily accessible to travel to Panchkula. Auto rikshaws, buses can also take you to the town once you reach Chandigarh.
The historic town of Panchkula is rich in its ancient antiquity and along with its simple yet serene temples; the town make for a great travel destination.