WATERFALLS IN ASSAM – A SUMMARY
Assam is a state in India located in the north eastern side of the country. The capital of the state is Dispur. It is one of the states that are located on the southern part of the eastern Himalayan ranges. This state is one of the largest and easily accessible states in the north east province. There are two great rivers that flow through the state. These rivers are the Brahmaputra and the Barak. The state shares its international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh and is connected to India by means of a corridor known as the Siliguri Corridor or the ‘chicken neck’.
Assam is also known as the ‘Gateway to the Seven Sisters States’ and also as ‘Paradise Unexplored’. These seven states are Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Assam. The sobriquet ‘Seven Sisters’ caught on because of the interdependence, the life style and culture which are nearly common.
The state is also famous for its flora and fauna. One can find the nearly extinct one horned rhinoceros, once a game hunt and the poacher’s prize. The state is also famous for the tigers and numerous species of birds. The two heritage sites, which are destinations for wild life enthusiasts, are Kaziranga and Manas. The flora consists of the abundant Sal tree forests found in the state.
The high amount of rainfall is one primary factor that contributes to the dense forests and the lush greenery. The rivers are perennial and the Brahmaputra has many tributaries and a large number of oxbow lakes.
Assam has been particularly unknown till around the 12th century. There are evidences of Stone Age settlements. Assam has a history of confluence of people from all directions-east, west, north and south. The state was never as vassal until the Burmese invaded the state in 1821 and later by the British in1826.The Kalika Purana which mentions about the facts in the 7th to 8th Century AD also states the Danava dynasty as the first rulers of the state, who were later defeated by the Naraka dynasty. Records maintained by the Ahoms in chronicles called the Buranjis, rock inscriptions and inscriptions on copper plates of the Kamrupa kings affords some insight in to the history of the state. Mythology has it that the last ruler by the name of Naraka was slain by Lord Krishna. The medieval period starts with the Turko –Afghan attacks in 1207 inscripted in the Kanai-boroxiboa rock inscriptions. There was a succession of dynasties and during the medieval times. The 17th century saw the Ahom- Mughal conflicts where the Mughals had been finally driven out in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671. The Burmese invasion in early 19th century led to the defeat of the Ahom rulers. With the defeat of the Burmese to the British in the First Anglo – Burmese war, the rule of the state was passed on to the British under the Treaty of Yandaboo.
BEST SEASON TO BE THERE
These waterfalls can be visited throughout the year. The temperature in summer in the place is around 220C to 350C and during winter it is 120C to 330C. However, the places are best visited after the monsoons as the jungles around will have a fresh and verdant look and besides there will be lots of water.
WATERFALLS IN ASSAM
There are three waterfalls that are of interest to tourists in Assam. They are:
- Sivakunda Waterfalls: This waterfall is situated in the Amsoi Hills in Assam. Located in Morigaon District, it is an enchanting one. This is one of the tourist destinations in the district. Best time to visit the place is between October and March.
- Akashiganga Waterfalls: This is a picnic spot in the district of Nagaon and 50 kms. from the city of Nagaon. The waterfall is related to mythological lores and is a sacred place for the Hindus. It is also related to stories concerning Lord Shiva and Goddess Sati.
- Champawati Kunda: This is also known as the Chapanala Waterfalls. The falls is located in Chapanala in the district of Nagaon. This is a spectacular falls and is regarded as a must see destination in Assam.
There are hotels and restaurants only in the nearby towns. Visitors to these waterfalls are advised to carry their food and water along with them.
The falls are all well connected and there are taxies and buses that ply from the airport, railway station and also from major cities and towns in Assam. Monsoons can always be a problem while travelling and visitors are advised not to attempt visiting the places as some of the roads may be submerged or washed away by the deluge.